Fire Escape Staircases

Fire escape staircases are a critical safety feature for any building in London. They provide a safe and efficient means of egress in the event of a fire, potentially saving lives. While fire escape staircases can be made from various materials, metal is a popular choice due to its durability, strength, and fire resistance.

We supply and fit steel staircases and associated balustrades

Fire Escape Staircases Gallery

Fire Escape Stairs Regulations and Standards

In London, fire escape stairs must comply with strict regulations to ensure the safety of occupants. The primary regulations governing fire safety in buildings are the Building Regulations 2010, specifically Approved Document B (Fire Safety). Additionally, British Standards such as BS 5395-1 (Code of practice for the design of helical and spiral stairs) and BS EN 1991-1-2 (Actions on structures – General actions – Actions on structures exposed to fire) also apply to fire escape staircase design.

Key regulatory considerations include:

  • Fire Resistance: The staircase must be constructed from materials with sufficient fire resistance to withstand the heat and flames of a fire for a specified duration.
  • Dimensions: The width, height, and tread depth of the stairs must meet specific requirements to ensure safe and easy evacuation.
  • Load-Bearing Capacity: The staircase must be able to support the weight of the anticipated number of users during an emergency.
  • Handrails: Handrails must be provided on both sides of the staircase to aid users and prevent falls.
  • Access and Egress: The staircase must be easily accessible from all parts of the building and lead to a place of safety.

Materials Used in Metal Fire Escape Staircases

Various metals can be used for constructing fire escape staircases, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. Common materials include:

  • Steel: Steel is the most widely used material due to its strength, durability, and versatility. It can be galvanized or powder-coated to protect against corrosion.
  • Aluminum: Aluminum is lightweight and corrosion-resistant, making it suitable for outdoor applications. However, it may not be as strong as steel.
  • Stainless Steel: Stainless steel offers excellent corrosion resistance and a sleek aesthetic appeal. It is often used in high-end projects.
KP Engineering Works supplies and fits steel staircases and associated balustrades

Design Considerations

Several factors should be considered when designing a metal fire escape staircase:

  • Location: The staircase should be located in a position that is easily accessible from all parts of the building and leads to a safe exit.
  • Type: The type of staircase (straight, spiral, or helical) should be chosen based on the available space and the building’s architecture.
  • Aesthetics: While functionality is paramount, the staircase’s appearance should also be considered to ensure it complements the building’s design.

Maintenance and Inspection

Regular maintenance and inspection are crucial to ensure the fire escape staircase remains in safe working order. This includes:

  • Cleaning: The staircase should be kept clean and free of debris to prevent tripping hazards.
  • Corrosion Prevention: Metal surfaces should be inspected for signs of corrosion and treated if necessary.
  • Structural Integrity: The staircase should be checked for any signs of damage or wear and tear that could compromise its safety.

Professional External Fire Escape Stairs Installation

Ensuring the safety and compliance of your metal fire escape staircase is paramount. KP Engineering Works Ltd, a leading provider of metal fabrication services in London, specializes in the design and installation of fire escape staircases. Our team of qualified professionals will work closely with you to create a bespoke solution that meets all relevant regulations and standards.

We’ll guide you through material selection, ensuring your staircase is not only safe but also aesthetically pleasing and complementary to your building’s design. With KP Engineering Works Ltd, you can have peace of mind knowing your fire escape staircase is in expert hands.


Google Reviews


I was very fortunate to find and use KP Engineering to design, make and fit some balustrades and a handrail to some steps that I have which seperate the top part of my garden from the bottom. Contact was extremely easy and the whole job was managed with ease by Ketan. The measurements were exact and included the curvature of the two top balustrades. The fitting was also managed extremely efficiently and the guys who did the work were extremely polite, tidy and despite the rain completed the work quickly. I couldn't be more delighted with the end result. I wasn't aware that my garden could be improved so much with the addition of the railings. Overall, I have no hesitation in saying that this Company does what it says, on time, efficiently and with a great design team as well.

Juliet Lysons Avatar Juliet Lysons
June 3, 2024

Fantastic service and product. KP have just manufactured and installed a gate to basement level, in keeping with my existing railings. Seamless process from survey through design to installation

Janina Rutherford Avatar Janina Rutherford
May 17, 2024

Great company! Good organised and very professional. Mr Ketan’s communication and updates very professional and final product is very high quality! Highly recommend company! 5 starts ⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️

Vlad Sorge Avatar Vlad Sorge
April 12, 2024

KP Engineering Works Ltd were a pleasure to work with from the outset through to completion. They spent good time ensuring the measurements were perfect, and kept us up to date with each element of the design, build and installation. The product looks great and it really is built to a high quality, with high quality fixings mounting to the wall. I highly recommend working with the KP Engineering team.

Christopher Rigg Avatar Christopher Rigg
March 1, 2024

Excellent service and communication from start to finish. Ketan was great to deal with, and both the surveyor and installation team were very professional. Would highly recommend.

Chris Burns Avatar Chris Burns
January 18, 2024

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Our workshop will be closed during the festive period from midday 22 December 2023 and we will reopen on Tuesday 2 January 2024. During the festive period there may be delays in our response. Wishing all our customers a very Merry Christmas & Happy New Year!

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